Language and language services
The paper must be written in formal English language
Please prepare your final draft in Microsoft Word format and email it to
.along with your attached paper, provide the correspondence’s information. The text must be in single-column format
In the introduction part, authors must carefully review the literature and provide the reason as to why we need to do this research. Authors must also clearly state the novelty of the paper in this part and specify the differences between this work and previously published works.
Material and methods
Provide comprehensive details to allow the paper to be reproduced. Methods already published need to be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications must be described
Results need to be completely clear. If the author(s) proposes a new method against the other existing method, a fair comparison between the new results and the old ones would be useful.
This part must explain the significance of the results of the work. Prevent extensive citations and discussion of published literature.
The main conclusions of the work may be presented in a short Conclusions section.
If the work contains more than one appendix, identify them as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices must be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on.
Essential title page information
• Title. Informative. Titles must be used in information-retrieval systems. Prevent abbreviations and formulae where possible.
• Author names and affiliations. Where the family name may be vauge (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses below the names.
• Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who is handling correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Make sure that telephone and fax numbers are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.
The abstract must state briefly the aim of the research, the basic principal results and major conclusions.
Right after the abstract, provide a maximum of 5 keywords.
put acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references.
Please insert all your equations in tables with two columns. On the left hand side of the table, insert the equation and on the right hand side insert the number. Finally, make the whole table invisible.
Number them consecutively throughout the article, using superscript Arabic numbers.
Indicate each footnote in a table with a superscript lowercase letter.
Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text.
Citation in text
Please make sure that all references cited in the text are also presented in the reference list. Please use only indexed papers, books, etc in your paper. In our oponion, a good quality paper must have, at least, 15-20 references from indexed journals.
Text: All citations in the text need to refer to:
1. Single author: the author's name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication;
2. Two authors: both authors' names and the year of publication;
3. Three or more authors: first author's name followed by "et al." and the year of publication.
Examples: "as demonstrated (Sadjadi, 2009a, 2009b). Ben-Tal et al. (2000) have recently shown ...."
List: References must be arranged alphabetically.
Reference to a journal publication:
Charnes, A. ,Copper, W.W.,& Rhodes,E.(1978). Measuring the efficiency of decision-making units. European Journal of Operational Research, 2, 429–444.
Reference to a book:
Fuare, R.,Grabowski, R.,& Grosskopf,S.(1985). The measurement of efficiency of production. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers
Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
Mettam, G.R., Adams, L.B., (1999). How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: Jones, B.S., Smith , R.Z. (Eds.), Introduction to the Electronic Age. E-Publishing Inc., New York, pp. 281-304.
The citation is according to APA style and authors are encouraged to use Google Scholar. Authors may copy and past the title of each reference inside Google search box and once finds it click on Cite and choose the middle option, APA.